MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing
MAKOplasty is a robotic arm-assisted partial knee resurfacing procedure designed to relieve the pain caused by joint degeneration due to osteoarthritis (OA). By selectively targeting the part of your knee damaged by OA, your orthopedic surgeon can resurface your knee while sparing the healthy bone and ligaments surrounding it.
MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing Can:
Enable surgeons to precisely resurface only the arthritic portion of the knee
Preserve healthy tissue and bone
Facilitate optimal implant positioning to result in a more natural feeling knee following surgery
Result in a more rapid recovery and shorter hospital stay than traditional total knee replacement surgery
Unlike other more invasive procedures, MAKOplasty can often be performed through a four to six inch incision over your knee with small incisions in both your femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin). Additionally, the preservation of your own natural bone and tissue along with more ideal patient specific implant positioning may also result in a more natural feeling knee. To add, since healthy bone is preserved, patients who undergo MAKOplasty partial knee procedures may still be a candidate for a total knee replacement procedure later in life if necessary.
The MAKOplasty procedure is indicated for patients suffering from unicompartmental or bicompartmental knee disease. A total replacement is sometimes necessary if your surgeon discovers during surgery that your knee has more damage than originally seen in the pre-operative X-rays and CT scan.
Your physician should discuss the specific risks associated with MAKOplasty and other treatment options with you. In addition, you should be informed of any pre-operative and post-operative instructions by your surgeon or his or her staff.
As a knee arthroplasty procedure, MAKOplasty is typically covered by Medicare and private health insurers. Check with your health plan about coverage. In some cases it may be performed on an outpatient basis depending on what your surgeon determines is the right course of treatment for you.
For additional information visit our MAKOplasty page.
Anterior Hip Replacement
Many people suffering with arthritis, hip pain, stiffness and limited hip movement can now choose a less invasive surgery when hip replacement is the chosen treatment of the patient and their doctor.
One of the least invasive surgical options is Anterior Hip Replacement. The Anterior Approach is a proven technique that minimizes the pain and the time from surgery to recovery.
The Anterior Approach to hip replacement surgery allows the surgeon to reach the hip joint from the front of the hip as opposed to the lateral (side) or the posterior (back) approach. This way, the hip can be replaced without detachment of muscle from the pelvis or femur during surgery. The surgeon can simply work through the natural interval between the muscles. The most important muscles for hip function, the gluteal muscles that attach to the pelvis and femur, are left undisturbed and most often do not require a healing process to recover from surgical trauma.
How Does Anterior Hip Replacement Improve Patient Recovery?
Conventional Hip Replacement
Conventional lateral or posterior surgery typically requires strict precautions for the patient. Most patients must limit hip motion for 6 to 8 weeks after surgery. They must limit flexing of the hip to no more than 60 to 90 degrees which complicates normal activities like sitting in a chair, on a toilet seat, putting on shoes or getting into a car. Simply climbing stairs may also be more difficult during recovery.
Anterior Hip Replacement
Anterior Hip Replacement allows patients to immediately bend their hip freely and bear full weight when comfortable, resulting in a more rapid return to normal function. After surgery, patients are instructed to use their hip normally without cumbersome restrictions. In supervised therapy, patients go up and down stairs before their hospital release.
Total Hip Replacement
Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip with an artificial joint (prosthesis). This surgery may be considered following a hip fracture (breaking of the bone) or for someone who has severe pain due to arthritis.
Hundreds of thousands of artificial hip replacement surgeries are performed yearly. Hip replacement may become necessary if activities such as walking, sitting, or even resting become painful.
The goal of hip replacement surgery is to replace the parts of the hip joint that have been damaged, and to relieve hip pain that cannot be controlled by other treatments.
For more information, please see: http://eastcoopermedctr.staywellsolutionsonline.com/Library/Encyclopedia/85,P01372
Please click here to reference our full Guidebook for Hips.
Total Knee Replacement
If your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, it may be hard for you to perform simple activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. You may even begin to feel pain while you are sitting or lying down.
If nonsurgical treatments like medications and using walking supports are no longer helpful, you may want to consider total knee replacement surgery. Joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain, correct leg deformity, and help you resume normal activities.
Knee replacement surgery was first performed in 1968. Since then, improvements in surgical materials and techniques have greatly increased its effectiveness. Total knee replacements are one of the most successful procedures in all of medicine. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, more than 600,000 knee replacements are performed each year in the United States.
Who might be a candidate for knee replacement?
The most common condition that results in the need for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis, a degenerative, joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees. Other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that results from a knee injury, can also lead to degeneration of the knee joint. In addition, fractures, torn cartilage, and/or torn ligaments also can lead to irreversible damage to the knee joint over the years.
The decision to replace the painful knee with an artificial one is a joint decision between you and your doctor. Other alternative treatments may first be used, including assistive walking devices, anti-inflammatory medications, injections, and bracing. These procedures and considerations should not be taken lightly, which is why our team of caring orthopedic surgeons in Charleston and Mount Pleasant take the extra step in guiding you through this process.
For more information: http://eastcoopermedctr.staywellsolutionsonline.com/library/encyclopedia/85,p00924
Please click here to reference our full Guidebook for Knees.